The Health Department is a part of government which focuses on issues related to the general health of the citizens. Health departments perform food inspections and other health related inspections (public health inspector), vaccination programs, free STD and HIV tests, tobacco enforcement and cessation programs, and other medical assistance programs. Health departments also compile statistics about health issues of their area.The role of a health department may vary from one country to the other, but their primary objective is always the same; safeguarding and promoting health.
There are three tiers of health departments, the federal level, state level and local level. In relation with state and local government, the federal government provides states with funding to ensure that states are able to retain current programs and are able to implement new programs. The coordination between all three levels is critical to ensure the programs being implemented are well structured for each level. The health department at state level needs to safeguard good relations with legislators as well as governors in order to acquire legal and financial aid to guarantee the development and enhancements of the programs. The state sets up the regulations and health policies whereas the local health departments are the ones implementing the health policies and services.
Services Offered by Local Health DepartmentsChild Health. Healthy children are a major priority of the health department. Immunization Shots. Primary Care. Family Planning. STD Control. Tuberculosis Control. Nutrition. Women, Infants and Children (WIC)