A Home Health Agency (HHA) is an agency or organization which:
Is primarily engaged in providing skilled nursing services and other therapeutic services;Has policies established by a group of professionals (associated with the agency or organization), including one or more physicians and one or more registered professional nurses, to govern the services which it provides;
Provides for supervision of above-mentioned services by a physician or registered professional nurse;
Maintains clinical records on all patients;
Is licensed pursuant to State or local law, or has approval as meeting the standards established for licensing by the State or locality;
Has in effect an overall plan and budget for institutional planning;
Meets the federal requirements in the interest of the health and safety of individuals who are furnished services by the HHA; and
Meets additional requirements as the Secretary finds necessary for the effective and efficient operation of the program.
For purposes of Part A home health services under Title XVIII of the Social Security Act, the term “home health agency” does not include any agency or organization which is primarily for the care and treatment of mental diseases.
A Home Health Agency may be a public, nonprofit or proprietary agency or a subdivision of such an agency or organization.
Public agency is an agency operated by a State or local government. Examples include State-operated HHAs and county hospitals. For regulatory purposes, “public” means “governmental.”
Nonprofit agency is a private (i.e., nongovernmental) agency exempt from Federal income taxation under §501 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954. These HHAs are often supported, in part, by private contributions or other philanthropic sources, such as foundations. Examples include the nonprofit visiting nurse associations and Easter seal societies, as well as nonprofit hospitals.
Proprietary agency is a private, profit-making agency or profit-making hospital.
In 2017 Home Health Agencies were required to become more responsive to patients and their caregivers under the first major overhaul of rules governing these organizations in almost 30 years. The federal regulations, published new specific the conditions under which 12,600 home health agencies can participate in Medicare and Medicaid, serving more than 5 million seniors and younger adults with disabilities through these government programs.